Hazardous textile dye banned

An azo dye which is hazardous to aquatic organisms will be banned from use in the textile and leather industries under a European Commission Directive adopted in January.1

The chromate-based blue dye, which has no common name, was subject to risk assessment under EU legislation on notification of new substances. The unpublished assessment concluded that it is toxic to fish and poorly biodegradable, and liable to reach the environment via trade discharges.

The ban will take effect in June 2004 under an amendment of the 1976 Directive on marketing and use of dangerous substances. The blue dye joins 22 azo dyes which will be banned from use in the leather and textile sectors in September this year because of their carcinogenic hazards.2

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