Almost all of the UK's municipal waste incinerators were built in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Their fortunes are now on the wane. Nine plants have closed in the past four years alone. And an ENDS survey has found that only five of the remaining 30 may still be in operation after 1996.
The impetus for change has been provided by the 1989 EC Directive on air pollution from existing incinerators (ENDS Report 174, p