It has been called the most significant date in the history of industrial waste management. But will 16 July - the day new controls come into force - be remembered more for creating a crisis than for ushering in a new era of environmental protection? According to an ENDS survey, a quarter of hazardous waste producers "anticipate problems" finding sufficient landfill and treatment capacity. Waste management companies are expecting growth in illegal disposal. However, our survey confirms that the new controls have led many industrial companies to think carefully about how to reduce their hazardous waste at source.