Brussels and the bioethanol boondoggle
Strict limits on vehicle emissions which take effect in the USA later in the 1990s are posing a major headache for the oil and car industries. Tests with cleaner fuels, including petrol containing oxygenates such as ethanol, are showing that air quality goals will be difficult to achieve. Undaunted, the European Commission has proposed massive tax incentives for large-scale production of ethanol from crops for use as a vehicle fuel. Its claims that bioethanol will cut carbon dioxide and other emissions are being hotly contested - and are also being opposed on rural conservation and economic grounds.