Robinson was previously chief operating officer at HS2 and has also held senior leadership roles at consultancy AECOM, BAA Heathrow, and mining firm Anglo American.
He will join Atkins on 4 November 2019 and will be based at the company’s European headquarters at Nova North in London.
Robinson said: “A business with the skills, capability and track record of Atkins presents clients and colleagues with a world of possibilities in a rapidly transforming digital market – I’m really looking forward to getting started.”
Schemes in the Atkins portfolio includes the Dawlish Warren flood management scheme; Kincardine floating offshore wind farm; the science innovation centre at the University of Edinburgh; and Coed Darcy sustainable village.
Earlier this month, Atkins appointed a new lead for environmental practice, Dr Vicky Hutchinson, across the UK and Europe.